Business School

Past research

The Centre for Supply Chain Management (CSCM) has completed a number of research projects.


  • Container market demand analysis and supply optimisation
    This project aims to explore the market environment of air-conditioned container rentals by developing a thorough analysis of the local market demand. Through a better understanding of the market environment, an optimisation model is to be developed for a logistics service provider for the management of their containers in anticipation of up-coming demand, in order to minimise handling costs and to maximise service level.
  • Development of methodology for appropriate stock and working capital for providing best customer service
    Manufacturing organisations process input raw material in various stages to produce finished goods. This involves multiple steps and varying batch sizes. Quality and manufacturing constraints might result in high level of work-in-progress and inventory at multiple stages leading to higher working capital than desired or acceptable. The objective is to develop a methodology to achieve an appropriate level of stock and working capital while providing best customer service. Such a problem will be studied in a NZ organisation. Recommendations for reducing working capital and a methodology which could be used for other product lines will be delivered.
  • Supply chain management issues in New Zealand: Export orientated clusters – Lincoln Wood
    Lincoln’s research focuses on supply chain management within export-oriented clusters in the New Zealand context. Little work has been completed on this subject from a SCM perspective. In particular, the research focuses on the challenges and benefits from supply chain relationships within cluster sand how the challenges have been overcome. Base on this work, a framework will be devised to better inform organisations interested in developing lateral relationships about what they might expect.
  • Radio frequency identification (RFID) in the Defence Force
    This paper is reviewing the gains and possibilities of introducing RFID in a defence force to further strengthen their logistic services. The technology behind RFID is properly introduced, so no prior knowledge about RFID is required. We have found considerable cost reductions in firms who have implemented RFID, at the same time as they have improved the visibility throughout their supply chain. Lead time in manufacturing has been reduced by 10-50%, and firms have also got reductions of 2-13% in their warehouse and transportation costs. The US military claimed to have a cost reduction of close to half a million dollars in 2007 by using RFID for communication and transportation systems in Iraq and Afghanistan. Apart from a reduction in costs, RFID will most likely increase the speed and accuracy of warehousing and stocktaking, and provide the Defence Force with near real-time data for item tracking and stock levels.


  • The utilisation of trucks with a view to improve supply chain efficiency at Ports of Auckland
    This research looked at vehicle consignment booking to improve efficiency and utilisation of both vehicles and drivers using a decision support system.
  • The adoption of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) in New Zealand’s supply chain
    This research study explored and explained the adoption of RFID in NZ supply chains by investigating eleven major organisations in the country. Seven adoption factors were selected from previous research to explain the adoption characteristics of the organisations. The evaluation is based on self reported usage or intention to adopt RFID for supply chain management (RFID/SC). The study found three of the seven factors as being significant in the adoption of RFID. They were further classified as the ability factor. In addition, five more factors were discovered as they collectively have, to a certain extent, some effect on the adoption of RFID. As a result, a theoretical framework of supply chain technology is proposed as a contribution to the information systems and supply chain fields of research.


  • Truck utilisation study on two-way moves
    The study analysed the container trucks movement in and out of a sea port. The objective was to develop a truck-load monitoring and utilisation framework towards achieving more efficient movement and utilisation of trucks entering and leaving the port.
  • Virtual freight network
    The study aimed at bringing together multiple parties within the New Zealand freight and transportation industry in a collaborative manner to achieve greater efficiency freight movement network. The results are an increase in capacity utilisation of freight transport and reduce the number of road trips. Linear network optimisation model was used in the study to analyse the participating organisations freight movement.
  • Impact of emerging technologies on the management of future supply chains – energy efficiency and sustainability
    The research is a review of emerging technologies that would impact our future supply chain efficiency and effectiveness. The research found areas to gain energy efficiency are high density storage area, order replenishment, container management, and farming machinery. In the supply chain arena, there are increasing numbers of applications incorporating various forms of auto identification technologies such as, optical, radio frequency and sensing technology. In the sustainability in energy, wind and solar will continue to evolve while there is increasing interest in biomass such as, animal matters and plants. There will be more fusion or hybrid innovations in the use of renewable energy.
  • Environmental sustainability and the supply chain: A global perspective
    This study looked at the environmental impact and the pressures for environmental sustainability. It focused on supply chains and discusses how multi-national corporations can help.

Upper North Island transport study – Cross-faculty project

A study on the New Zealand national freight demands suggests an increase of between 70-75% in freight volume is expected over the next 25 years. This will increase the traffic movement, particularly between the Auckland, Waikato and Bay of Plenty regions. With most of the freight movement using road, there is a threat to the New Zealand supply chain lifeline given that the existing infrastructure might not have the capacity to serve the increasing freight. Auckland has a population of about 1.3 million people with over 50% of New Zealand total employment, and is accountable for about 35.6% of total GDP. As the population grows to support the economy, passenger traffic has also become a factor to consider as New Zealand needs to stay competitive globally and regionally. This Upper North Island Transport Study (UNITS) is to investigate the overall transport traffic movements in and out of Auckland and propose sustainable suggestions by providing professional advice from industry and academia. The aim is to improve the quality of transportation systems while reducing environmental impacts.