Associate Professor Carla Anne Houkamau

DPhil in Social Psychology, BA (Hons) with First Class Honours in Psychology, BA (conjoint) in Psychology and BCom (conjoint) in Management & Employment Relations.


Carla Houkamau (PhD) is an Associate Professor in the Department of Management and International Business and the Associate Dean for Māori for the Business School. Carla is of Ngāti Porou, Ngāti Kahungunu, Ngāi Tahu and Pākehā descent. She holds a deep personal interest in the history of Māori-Pākehā relations and her current research focuses mainly on intergroup relations, chiefly how group memberships influence attitudes and behaviour. Her publications typically examine how ethnicity helps reproduce socio-economic inequalities but can be leveraged to address them. Reflecting her role in the Business School her work has broadened to include diversity management, identity economics and implicit bias. Her research using the Multidimensional Model of Māori Identity and Cultural Engagement (MMM-ICE) has been recognised nationally and internationally for advancing ethnic identity research using psychometric measures and large samples. Carla currently leads the largest longitudinal study of Māori identity, financial attitudes and behaviour (Te Rangahau o Te Tuakiri Māori me Ngā Waiaro ā-Pūtea | The Māori Identity and Financial Attitudes Study) for which she received a full standard Marsden Award in 2015. You can find out more about Carla’s collaborative research programme here 

Special Interests:

Implicit bias, inter-group relationships, inter-cultural communication, cross-cultural management
Psychological (particularly social psychological) understandings of identity


Teaching | Current


GLMI 706

Working in an Age of Uncertainty



Business Research

2012 - current 

MGMT 314

Critical Issues in Organisations

2011 -2014

BUS 151 G

Intercultural Communication


MGMT 317

Diversity at Work



Communication in a Multicultural Society



2017     University of Auckland Group Research Excellence Award  

2015     Marsden Award (Standard)

2013     Best Paper Award –Australian and New Zealand Academy of Management (ANZAM)

2012     Auckland University Business School Early Career Research Excellence Award (ECREA)

2006     Te Amorangi National Māori Academic Excellence Award  

2002     Health Research Council of New Zealand  

2000     New Zealand Psychological Society - Presidents Scholar 


Associate Dean for Māori and Pacific Economic Development  

Director Mira Szászy Research Centre for Māori and Pacific Economic Development


Selected publications and creative works (Research Outputs)

As of 29 October 2020 there will be no automatic updating of 'selected publications and creative works' from Research Outputs. Please continue to keep your Research Outputs profile up to date.
  • Stronge, S., Sengupta, N., Barlow, F. K., Osborne, D., Houkamau, C. A., & Sibley, C. G. (2016). Perceived discrimination predicts increased support for political rights and life satisfaction mediated by ethnic identity: A longitudinal analysis. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 22 (3), 359-368. 10.1037/cdp0000074
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Danny Osborne, Chris Sibley
  • Greaves, L., Houkamau, C., & Sibley, C. (2015). Māori Identity Signatures: A Latent Profile Analysis of the Types of Māori Identity. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 21 (4), 541-549. 10.1037/cdp0000033
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Lara Greaves, Chris Sibley
  • Houkamau, C. A., & Sibley, C. G. (2015). Looking Māori predicts decreased rates of home ownership: Institutional racism in housing based on perceived appearance. PLoS One, 10 (3)10.1371/journal.pone.0118540
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Chris Sibley
  • Houkamau, C., & Boxall, P. (2015). Attitudes to other ethnicities among New Zealand workers. Cross Cultural Management: An International Journal, 22 (3), 431-446. 10.1108/CCM-10-2013-0155
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Peter Boxall
  • Houkamau, C. A., & Boxall, P. (2014). Diversity climate as a mediator of organisational trust. Paper presented at Australian New Zealand Academy of Management, Sydney, Australia. 3 December - 5 December 2014. Proceedings of the Australian New Zealand Academy of Management 28th Annual Conference. Related URL.
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Peter Boxall
  • Houkamau, C. A., & Sibley, C. G. (2014). Social identity and differences in psychological and economic outcomes for mixed and sole-identified Maori. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 40, 113-125. 10.1016/j.ijintrel.2014.03.001
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Chris Sibley
  • Krynen, A. M., Osborne, D., Duck, I. M., Houkamau, C. A., & Sibley, C. G. (2013). Measuring psychological distress in New Zealand: Item response properties and demographic differences in the Kessler-6 screening measure. New Zealand Journal of Psychology, 42 (2), 69-83.
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Chris Sibley, Danny Osborne
  • Inkson, K., Richardson, M., & Houkamau, C. A. (2013). New Patterns of Late-Career Employment. In J. Field, R. J. Burke, C. L. Cooper (Eds.) The SAGE Handbook of Aging, Work and Society. London: Sage.


Contact details

Office hours

By appointment.

Primary office location

Level 4, Room 4117
New Zealand

Web links